Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870 and died in Holland in 1952 (82 years old). She was the first female Italian physician and one of the few in Europe. She worked as a professor in the medical faculty of Rome University and in practice often come into contact with children. There she saw children with deep affection and devoted exclusively to the problems of childhood. She studied philosophy and psychology.
She studied the needs of the child in every way and she created an educational system according to the psychological and pedagogical principles. She saw it as a unique personality and gave him the chance to develop in an environment of cheerful, pleasant and rich in potential beneficial effect and in accordance with its internal needs. She devised a system of education of the senses. As stimulate the senses of children with material that causes them to observe and distinguish the properties of different objects by sending signals from the nervous system to the brain and back. The ease of learning later in life depends on whether the brain properly prepared in the early years and at the appropriate learning environment, developed simultaneously: freedom and social responsibility.
Freedom has three components:
• Freedom to choose the job
• Freedom of time
• Freedom of movement
How to use the all freedom depends on the discipline of each child. The internal discipline begins to appear when the child spontaneously expresses interest and ability to concentrate.
Around the world they began to set up Montessori schools. The material is made so that it fits easily in the hand of the child, to trains and to raise its interest to systematically deal with it.
Children 3-6 years old have mind sponge, as Doctor Montessori said. The ability to absorb all aspects of a culture and an environment without tire.
In mathematics the material is abundant, simple, pleasant and tangible. (If you do not touch do not know). So learn happily playing the concepts of counting, quantity and basic operations.